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  From the Introduction: A test to determine the possibility of nourishment of the shore by offshore deposition of sand was made in 1948. The hopper dredge GOETHALS of the Corps of Engineers deposited 601,991 cubic yards (bin measurement) of sand off Long Branch, NeH Jersey from April to August 1948. The material, dredged from New York Harbor entrance channels, was placed in a ridge 7 feet high, 750 feet wide and 3,700 feet long. The ridge was located about 1/2 mile offshore with its southerly limit on an east-west line about 1,500 feet north of the Long Branch Pier. The depth of water at the site was 38 feet at mean low water. The shore area at Long Branch is a summer resort. The terrain has an elevation of about 20 feet above mean low water at Ocean Avenue, which is protected by a timber bulkhead. The beach is steep and narrow. It is crossed by numerous heavy stone groins. The Long Branch Fishing and Recreation Pier is 900 feet long and terminates in about 20 feet of water. The locality is shown on Figure 1. Northward from Long Branch the elevation of the land is about 7 feet where it becomes a barrier beach less than 300 feet wide at its narrowest point. Along the greater part of this section, the beach is backed by a high rubble-mound sea wall designed to prevent storm waves from breaching the barrier. The area covered by detailed studies in this investigation extends about 2 miles northward along the beach from the Long Branch Pier to Shrewsbury Rocks opposite the Monmouth Beach Coast Guard Station.
  WES